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Controlled Environment Agriculture- Emerging Trend 


A technologically based strategy for food production is called controlled-environment agriculture (CEA), which includes vertical farming and indoor agriculture (IA). Throughout the crop’s growth, CEA seeks to protect from the elements and maintain ideal growing conditions. Production happens inside of a greenhouse or other enclosed plant factory.

The CEA has the potential to produce high-quality food close to consumers while utilising a minimal amount of water and other inputs. Already, a large portion of the fresh tomatoes, herbs, and leafy greens we eat are grown in greenhouses or other carefully regulated environments. Additionally, fully lit greens grown in enclosed indoor systems are becoming more widely available.

According to the report Published by “Maximize Market Research,” the Controlled Environment Agriculture Market is segmented into Leafy Greens, Cucumber, Tomato, Pepper, Strawberries, Cannabis, and Others.

Tomato is the leading segment in this market, and also accounted for the largest revenue in the global market. The revenue generated is US$ 190.04 billion based on both type of farming traditional as well as CEA, but in these CEA captures 45% revenue in 2020 and expecting to grow in the forecasted period. The factors which are propelling to the growth are because it is suitable for both outdoor and indoor and helps fetch more values with a higher yield. Tomato is widely used mostly in food processing across the globe and also it has larger exports.

Environmental Benefits of controlled environment agriculture

The positive environmental impact of CEA practices is one of their main benefits, as it results from a greater reliance on local and regional food systems and a reduction in the need for cross-country transportation of fresh produce. Furthermore, CEA makes better use of available resources, including soil, water, pesticides, and land in general.

The environment and local communities can both be significantly impacted by CEA. More people now have the ability to grow virtually any fruit or vegetable in a small space with fewer resources thanks to CEA’s use of cutting-edge technology. This has a great chance to improve both human and planetary health.

Financial benefits of Controlled Environment Agriculture

There is no getting around the fact that starting a vertical farm is expensive. However, it is known that they are able to grow crops all year long, in good or bad weather, and frequently at a higher standard than conventional farms. Local, organic produce can also fetch a higher price. The majority of vertical farmers concentrate on high-value medical marijuana or fast-growing salad crops. They can generate sizable profits either way. By 2030, the market for innovations in food and agriculture is expected to be worth $700 billion, according to the Global Grow Lights Market Report. The Abu Dhabi government has spent $100 million on indoor farming so far this year.

Market Opportunities for Controlled Environment Agriculture

According to a report by the Economic Times, human lifestyles and eating habits are changing during and after the pandemic, and from 2019 to 2022, there will be an increase of 40–45% in the consumption of food items or local foods. The market for CEA is expanding as a result of producers putting more emphasis on production facilities close to urban centres, which has the added benefit of keeping them abreast of farming trends in the agricultural sector.

Traditional farming methods are already being impacted by climate change, and increased reliance on chemical herbicides and pesticides costs farmers more money while also having a negative impact on natural ecosystems and organic matter needed to maintain soil quality. By lowering water consumption, the need for chemical interventions, logistics, and land use, CEA can contribute to taking steps in the right direction toward a future that is more sustainable and profitable.


Increased demand for locally grown, high-quality food in or near urban areas, a new generation of highly educated and tech-savvy farmers, a lack of available farmland, and a welcoming lending environment are the main factors driving CEA growth. These kinds of production systems are now more readily available to owners of smaller farms thanks to significant advancements in technology, particularly in the area of lighting systems. Although Controlled Environment Agriculture is still in its early stages, it can be anticipated that in the near future a much wider variety of produce will begin to be grown in this manner.

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