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Echoing Sustainability in the MENA Region!

The triple test of temperature alteration, rising populations and hurried urbanization is creating exceptional challenges to MENA countries. At the same time as coastal cities diminishing into the sea owing to increasing sea levels, the Dead Sea is drying up and Jeddah experiences yearly floods. Sustainability challenges can be mitigated through innovative forward-looking solutions with MENA countries working in partnership with civil society, the private sector, neighboring states, and international stakeholders such as the World Bank. Morocco’s business with the World Bank and the private segment to disembark at a more sustainable system, Jordan and Israel functioning collectively to save the Dead Sea, and the promise of the Nile Basin Initiative are all diverse facets of attempts at eliminating sustainability concerns posed.

Glimpse into the Sustainable Development Strategies

In the following list, examples are given of recent national development strategies in Arab countries are listed which focus on achieving sustainability at all levels and thus eliminating all concerns of climate change.

  • Qatar’s Nationwide Vision 2030 (2009) and National Development Strategy 2011–2016
  • Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 (2016)
  • The United Arab Emirates’ National Green Growth Strategy; National Agenda Vision 21; and Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030
  • Jordan’s National Resilience Plan 2014–16 as well as National Vision 2030 (in preparation)
  • Bahrain’s Vision 2030 (2007)
  • Iraq’s National Development Plan 2010-2014 (2010)
  • Lebanon’s National Sustainable Development Strategy
  • Egypt’s Sustainable Development Strategy (2030)
  • Djibouti’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (2009)
  • Morocco’s National Sustainable Development Strategy (2015)

Integrated Analysis of Sustainability in the MENA region

The new industrialization requires the incorporation of power efficiency, financial development, and ecological sustainability. However, quantifying the competence of renewable energy towards economic expansion is a continuing debate. On this basis, the table below presents a multi net-put efficiency and conventional efficiency approach to analyze the ecosystem vitality and environmental health share and effect on economic development and environmental sustainability nexus.

CategoriesEcosystem vitality (%)Environmental health (%)
Biodiversity and Habitat15%
Forests6%
Fisheries6%
Climate and Energy18%
Air Pollution6%
Water Resources6%
Agriculture3%
Heavy Metals2%
Water and Sanitation12%
Air Quality26%

Framework for the Future

Given these altering outlook, progressive organizations must glance at sustainability all the way through the structure of the triple imperatives of variation, alleviation, and risk evaluation. The following are the steps that can be followed to improve the sustainability measures.

  • Investment Strategies: To plan investment strategies for the continuing term, local companies must obtain complete understanding of how temperature variations have an outcome on their production units. They must offer safeguard for employees, shareholders, and the wider stakeholder community, and at the same time they must reduce volatility.
  • Reduction in Greenhouse Emissions: Countries must identify metrics to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, thereby increasing energy efficiency and cutting operation costs, while setting the stage for transitioning to the production of carbon-free energy.
  • Assessment of Future Risks: They should assess future risks in a variety of areas, minimizing waste, accessing resources, stabilizing operating licenses, adapting to regulations, mitigating potential reputational risks, and satisfying customer demand.
  • Role of Private Sector: In taking these steps, private sector leaders do their bit to add to the information about sustainability practices that exist in the region in the form of educational campaigns through different mediums.

Outlook for 2021-2022

The environment industry, being among those which produce the majority pollution, offers major opportunities to improve environmental pollution and encourage the sustainable utilization of resources. The Middle East region slowed down by natural barriers and prevailing political and communal issues, has tried over time to transfer towards more sustainable practices in plan and construction. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has been one of the venues for private corporations to tackle community engagement and sustainable development. Regional CSR programs have incorporated sustainability concepts to give back to the society in which they are in service, and those initiatives include wellbeing and safety, education, eco-friendly solutions, and community investments.

Author: Tinku Rai

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