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System that lets electric vehicles (EVs) communicate with the public power grid!

The Smart charging technology called vehicle-to-grid, or V2G, enables automobile batteries to return energy to the power grid. In essence, it treats these high-capacity batteries as backup storage cells for the electrical grid in addition to being tools for powering EVs.

Depending on the demand for electricity at any given moment, this type of arrangement uses bidirectional charging stations to push and draw energy to and from linked automobiles. It is a component of a bigger project called “vehicle-grid integration.” Everything connected to the electrical system, including homes, buildings, and other structures, can be powered by this extra energy.
Why V2G Is Important?

Vehicle to Grid Market 

By 2027, the global market for vehicle-to-grid technology is anticipated to be overtaken by the Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE). The requirement for components for EVSE will increase as the trend for renewable and smart energy generation increases because this equipment is a necessary part that links an electric vehicle to the electric grid.

In addition to providing electricity to the grid, the electric vehicle supply equipment is helpful for charging electric vehicles. This factor will have a significant impact on the market for the equipment used to supply electric vehicles in the coming years. 95% of the times, electric vehicles aren’t in use, vehicle-to-grid technology helps to utilize that energy by transferring electricity to the grid. This helps in supplying the demand for electricity during peak hours. They also fulfill the need to operate essential or emergency services during shortages and natural disasters.

The Present & Future of Vehicle-To-Grid Technology

If all electric vehicles are charged at once, as is the case during the evening peak between 5 and 7 p.m., the demand on local energy networks would increase due to the rapid increase in the number of EVs on our roads. Smart charging, also known as “V1G,” which enables scheduling of EV charging and was tested by the original Electric Nation project, will help to prevent this circumstance.

However, V2G charging will be more efficient than smart charging. This is because EVs may be connected to one another and send large amounts of energy back into the grid at times of high demand, acting as a large local power plant. Therefore, V2G will aid in lowering the demand on electricity networks, lowering the grid’s requirement for additional energy generation, which is normally provided by fossil fuels at peak periods, as well as enabling EV drivers to utilize cleaner and less expensive electricity.
This advanced Vehicle-to-grid technology, or V2G, allows for the exchange of power between the network and the electric vehicle (EV) by allowing EVs to act as natural sources that can store, or release energy as needed. This enhances the network’s stability, dependability, and efficiency while also increasing the total capacity of electricity generation. Electronic converters that can operate in both directions are widely applied for G2V and V2G power transmission between the network and an EV battery. Many different bidirectional converters have been created and successfully used in V2G systems. These converters help to achieve high efficiency power conversion. With the development of these converter and charging stations, it will be easier to move from traditional to electric vehicles, which will ultimately result in a green and peaceful future.

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